Chloride Attack!

What are chlorides and why are they so detrimental to concrete?

Chloride Attack!

Chlorides are reactive chemicals which enter concrete with a constant movement of moisture in and out of the capillary pores. Chlorides, together with oxygen, reach the embedded steel and set up electrochemical corrosion in the rebar. Untreated steel corrosion will very often cause the concrete to break down well short of its planned service life.

Chlorides and oxygen entering into concrete make a reactive combination

Chlorides are typically present in seawater, putting marine structures at particular risk. Other sources include salt-contaminated groundwater; or de-icing salts in cold climates.


Ageing concrete wharf needs Aquron durability treatment

How can we halt the process?

It is a proven fact, that controlling free moisture will significantly extend concrete life. This is because moisture is the vehicle for contaminants to enter and move about the concrete.


Chloride ingress, and corrosion activity can be arrested by setting up a moisture barrier. This moisture barrier must be long-lasting and effective. A coating is not sufficient; moisture must be immobilised within the concrete itself, to prevent the movement and action of the moisture-borne contaminants.
Ageing concrete jetty exposed to chlorides and other moisture-borne marine contaminants shows advanced cracking due to internal deterioration

What is an effective way to control moisture from inside and out?

You need a concrete treatment system that:

  • penetrates the pores of the concrete,
  • deals with the moisture currently in the concrete, and
  • blocks the entrance of outside moisture.

In fact, you need a penetrating hydrogel treatment.

Penetrating Aquron hydrogel treatments protect concrete from moisture-borne contaminants

How does it work?

  • 1. A catalytic silicate solution is applied to the concrete by spray or admixture.
  • 2. The catalyst reacts with the free lime (CaOH) in the concrete.
  • 3. This hydrophilic reaction draws in the concrete’s moisture (H2O) content, penetrating deep into the porosity.
  • 4. The result is calcium-silicate-hydrate (C-S-H) gel.
  • 5. The hydrogel maintains moisture in the concrete, aiding the entire hydration process.


Applying Aquron 7000 treatment to Waitawa Wharf for concrete protection and remediation


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Markham concrete durability treatments


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